Life care planning is a systematic process for determining an ill or injured individual's medical and functional status, current and future care needs, potential complications and associated costs in present day value. A life care plan is prepared specifically to address the needs of the individual on an annual basis over his or her lifetime. It is tailored to address the individual's place of residence and support system.
A review of medical history and current day interventions is important. Evaluations of professionals involved in treatment, as well as those of consultants are incorporated into recommendations in the life care plan. Costs are researched to determine the most accurate average or range in the client's location. The life care plan reflects the needs of the individual, the frequency of intervention and the ability of the individual to follow through and benefit from recommendations made.
Areas addressed in a life care plan include: need for medical, psychological, therapeutic and social intervention; orthotics, prosthetics, equipment and supplies; transportation, home care, physical environment and residential issues; educational and vocational needs and potential complications. Additionally, the life care plan applies a vocational worksheet to provide insight as to the impact an injury or illness has on an individual's ability to work, compromised financial status or access to the labor market, and lost earning capacity.
A life care plan is a valuable tool for individuals with complex medical and therapeutic needs and in particular those sustaining a catastrophic illness or injury, spinal cord injury, anoxic encephalopathy, amputation, cerebral palsy, birth injury, complex orthopedic injury, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and exposure to toxins